With population growth on the planet and, above all, with the phenomenon of population concentration in urban centers, extensive agricultural areas were destined to produce food and supplies, which further aggravated the problem of effluent discards. As a result, a remarkable process of concentration of substances, together with intensive animal production and agroindustrial activities, has led to the need for basic sanitation and together they have resulted in the inevitable and significant generation of organic waste.
In this context, actions to treat sanitary and agroindustrial effluents are of vital importance in confronting the imminence of water scarcity in densely populated areas and favor of public health and are the main paths to be followed. This process is of fundamental importance so that the discharge of water does not harm rivers and springs with a high concentration of organic load; Irregularly discarded condemns an entire ecosystem, which in turn impacts the lives of people living near these areas. However, when it comes to one residue, as a rule, another is generated; is exactly what happens in the case of biological treatment of effluents.
The Benefits Of Effluent Recycling
After separation of the treated water (which is returned to the Jundiaí River with an organic load of only 5%), sanitary sludge, the biomass of very high nutritional value, is dried and taken to a covered area specially designed to start composting. This procedure consists of reworking the residues through a biological process and eliminating any pathogens.
Safety: a correct and definitive procedure for the environment and that meets the National Solid Waste Policy ( PNRS ). Additionally, it helps to shield the co-responsibility generator for the waste generated;
Ecological protection: it contributes directly to the reduction of environmental liabilities and exhaustion of landfills, and with this helps to reduce soil, water, and air pollution;
Recycling: this process allows the recycling of the material and the reuse of organic matter.